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Article 32 Cultural relics in private collections may be sold to collection units of cultural relics or purchasing units of cultural relics under ownership by the whole people designated by the State Bureau of Cultural Relics or by the administrative departments for cultural relics of the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government.

The State encourages citizens to contribute their cultural relics in private collections to collection units of cultural relics under ownership by the whole people.

Article 33 The business of purchase and sale of cultural relics to be conducted by cultural relics marketing units shall be approved by the State Bureau of Cultural Relics or the administrative departments for cultural relics of the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government and be registered with the administrative departments for industry and commerce. The business of cultural relics sales to foreigners shall be transacted with approval of the State Bureau of Cultural Relics.

Article 34 The cultural relics marketing units shall record their business activities for eventual check and examination.

The valuable cultural relics purchased or preserved by cultural relics marketing units shall be reported to the administrative departments for cultural relics which have approved the cultural relics marketing business of such units for the record. Those belonging to Grade One cultural relics shall be reported to the State Bureau of Cultural Relics for the record.

The cultural relics to be sold by cultural relics marketing units shall be subjected to expertise in accordance with the relevant regulations of the State before the sale.

Article 35 Banks, smelteries, papermills and units for the recovery of old and waste materials, in sorting out cultural relics, shall receive the guidance of the administrative departments for cultural relics and shall well preserve the cultural relics sorted out and turn them over to the administrative departments for cultural relics as soon as possible.

Article 36 The prices of the cultural relics turned over to the administrative departments for cultural relics shall be reasonably assessed on the basis of the expenses paid by banks, smelteries, papermills or units for the recovery of old and waste materials on purchasing the said cultural relics plus a certain proportion of expenses for sorting them out. If the administrative departments for cultural relics which are to accept the turned over cultural relics have difficulty in paying the needed sum, the problem shall be solved by the administrative departments for cultural relics at higher levels.

Article 37 Cultural relics which are confiscated and recovered according to law by public security organs, administrative departments for industry and commerce and customs establishments in dealing with law breaking or criminal activities, shall be turned over to administrative departments for cultural relics as soon as possible after the settlement of the cases according to the relevant regulations. The measures for turning over shall be formulated by the State Bureau of Cultural Relics in conjunction with the departments concerned.

Article 38 Cultural relics turned over shall be subjected to expertise by the administrative departments for cultural relics. Grade One cultural relics shall be reported to the State Bureau of Cultural Relics for the record by the administrative departments for cultural relics of the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government.

Article 39 The State Bureau of Cultural Relics or the administrative departments for cultural relics of the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall, in accordance with the needs of the protection for cultural relics, designate qualified collection units of cultural relics under ownership by the whole people to store up the turned over cultural relics.

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